Activator:
A Spring loaded adjustment tool, used to deliver gentle manipulations to spinal joints, muscles and extremities              

Adjustment:
Pressure that is applied to the bone which in turn "unlocks" it from its improper position. The bone will then be free to align itself correctly.

Blocks:
Cushioned wedges, which are placed under each side of the pelvis along with gentle maneuvers

Bursitis:
Inflammation of a bursa, especially in the shoulder, elbow, or knee joint.

C.A:
Abbreviation for "chiropractic assistant."

Cavitation:
Pop that occurs in a spinal joint when vertebral surfaces (facets) are separated to create a vacuum that pulls in nitrogen gas.

Cervical vertebrae:
There are seven vertebrae in the cervical or neck area of the spine.

Chronic back pain:
Back pain episode that lasts more than three months.

Dermatome:
Tests used to reveal areas of skin, and their sensitivity, serviced by nerves distributed from the spinal cord.
Disc:
A cartilage (cushion/pad) that separates each spinal vertebra, absorbs shocks to the spine and protects the nerve systems.
Disease:
Any deviation from the normal structure or function of any part, organ, or system of the body that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms.

Examination:
The time taken to evaluate the patient's complaints and symptoms.

Facet:
The casual joint surface of the spinal bone, facing the adjacent bone above or below.

Fixation:
Being held in a fixed position. An area of the spine or specific joint with restricted movement.

Full-spine technique:
Adjusting the vertebrae of the spine from the neck down.

Lumbar Vertebrae:
The 5 bones in the lower back portion of the spine

Lumbosacral Strain:
Strain or injury of joints or ligaments at the base of the spine where the last lumbar vertebra is connected to the sacrum.

 

Maintenance care:
periodic spinal examinations and "adjustments" to help maintain the patient's spinal health.

 

Mobilization:
Method of manipulation, movement, or stretching to increase range of motion in muscles and joints that does not involve a high-velocity thrust.

 

Musculoskeletal:
Referring to structures involving tendons, muscles, ligaments, and joints.

 

Nerve root:
One of the two nerve bundles emerging from the spinal cord that join to form a segmental spinal nerve.

 

Nonforce techniques:
Various reflex techniques and muscle-treatment methods that do not involve forceful manipulation.

 

Sacrum:
The triangular bone that serves as a base for the spinal column and connects the pelvic bones.

 

Spinal "adjustment:
"
A chiropractic term that most chiropractors use to describe whatever method(s) they use to correct spinal problems, whether by hand or with an instrument.

 

Spinal manipulation:
A forceful, high-velocity thrust that stretches a joint beyond its passive range of movement in order to increase its mobility. Manipulation is usually accompanied by an audible pop or click..

 

Subluxation:
The medical definition is incomplete or partial dislocation—a condition, visible on x-ray films, in which the bony surfaces of a joint no longer face each other exactly but remain partially aligned

 

Thoracic vertebrae:
There are twelve vertebrae in the thoracic or upper-back portion of the spine.

 

Toggle recoil technique:
Manipulation performed with a sudden shallow thrust (toggle) followed by quick withdrawal (recoil) of the chiropractor's hands while the patient is relaxed.

 

Vertebra:
Bony segment of the spine that encircles and helps protect the spinal cord and nerves. The plural of vertebra is vertebrae.

 

Vertebral artery:
Arteries, one on each side, that thread through holes in the six upper cervical vertebrae.